Bipolar disorder or depressive-manic illness is a mental health condition in which individuals experience mood swings from a manic state to depression and this affects their social and occupational functioning. There are several types of bipolar disorder such as Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic, and Substance-Induced Bipolar and it is very important to understand and evaluate each disorder.
During a manic episode, an individual shows symptoms of elevated or irritable mood and abnormally increased activity or energy that last for a week or more. Individuals experience decreased the need for sleep, become more talkative than usual, have the flight of ideas, show increased goal-oriented activity at school or work. Depending on the severity an individual may require hospitalization.
During Hypomanic Episode the symptoms are not as severe as in manic episode and do not cause any serious impairment in social or occupational functioning. However, their change in mood and functioning is still observable by other.
During a depressive episode an individual experiences a depressed mood most of the day and in children and adolescents it can manifest as an irritable mood. They experience diminished interest or pleasure in activities. They may experience insomnia or hypersomnia, weight loss, loss of energy, feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness. Their ability to think or making decisions may also be affected. Suicidal thoughts may also be present.
Our experts in Mental Health Management can help people suffering from Bipolar disorder. Most of the times taking medication alone is not enough. An evidence-based psychotherapy such as Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is very effective in treating Bipolar disorder.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition